Vol 2, No 1 (2021)

A Comparative Evaluation of WiMAX, WAVE and LTE-V2V Vehicular Communication Technologies

Author: R. Sathish Kumar

Abstract: The continuously expanding traffic on the roadways is posing a threat to vehicle safety. It is a challenge to make roads safe and secure against traffic congestion and road accidents, which might occur when traffic density and vehicle speeds continue to climb. Vehicle communication technologies must be developed to offer a dependable and strong driver assist system for road transportation safety and efficiency. Vehicle communication technologies are being developed to identify dangerous situations early and share information among cars, which may then be utilised to issue driver warnings and/or navigational aids. In addition, non-safety vehicular network applications are being incorporated in automobiles for the purpose of entertainment and passenger comfort. We compare the performance of three technologies in this paper: WAVE, WiMAX, and LTE-V2V, with the goal of determining their respective strengths in a dynamic vehicular context. It is investigated how node density, node speed, and beacon transmission frequency affect throughput, latency, and packet delivery ratio. In terms of throughput and latency, numerical studies demonstrate that LTE-V2V outperforms the other two options.

Keywords: WAVE, WiMAX, LTE-V2V, Communication technology, Bandwidth

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